A-only agreement

Wolfgang Schulze W.Schulze at LRZ.UNI-MUENCHEN.DE
Sat Sep 19 14:45:06 UTC 2009

Dear Peter,
I cannot give you a concrete example of mere A-Agreement, still recall 
that for instance in Abkhaz, the A-prefixes show a stronger degree of 
phonetic fusion with the verb stem than the (in my terms) S=O-Agreement 
prefixes. Especially, the first person A-prefixes show assimilation 
(voiced) (e.g. 1SG s- > z-), whereas the corresponding S-O-prefix (s(@-) 
don't. A similar process can be observed in Navajo, as far as I can 
remember. This aspect suggests that the grammaticalization process 
concerning AGR-prefixes first started (in Abkhaz/Abaza) with A-prefixes 
only (A-VERB), by a time when S and O pronouns did not yet pro-cliticise 
(hence *A-VERB, but *S + VERB, *O + A-VERB).
As for mere O-Agreement. I recall that Claudia Gerstner-Link has 
described something the like for Kilmeri (Papua)....
Best wishes,

peterarkadiev schrieb:
> Dear typologists,
> do you know of languages where the verb would agree exclusively with the transitive agent (A), but neither with P nor with S? It seems to me that I have come across such systems, but I cannot recall any particular details.
> By the way, if per chance someone knows of agreement systems where both transitive A and P are cross-referenced but S is not, this example would be highly appreciated, too.
> Many thanks in advance!
> Peter Arkadiev



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