'like'/'manner' as Purpose clause marker
anna at LING.ED.AC.UK
Wed Aug 17 14:54:48 UTC 2011
In my PhD thesis (?The origin and functioning of circumstantial clause
linkers: a cross-linguistic study?, University of Edinburgh, 2011) I
devoted one of the chapters to the analysis of polysemes/homonyms of
purpose markers in my sample of 84 langauges. In addition to those
items mentioned by Professor König for English and German I came
across some other examples which you may find interesting:
- the Japanese marker yoo which also acts as a noun with the meaning
- the nominal suffix -pe ?similarity? in Cubeo
- comparative adverb ? ro in Kanuri (which acts also as a complementizer)
- equative adverb gudi in Maale
- verb se ?be equal to?/?resemble?/?benefit?/?deserve? in Akan.
Interestingly, I have also found (in grammars of unrelated
languages) a couple of examples of identical clause linking elements
being used for ?purpose clauses? and ?manner clauses? (or even
?comparison clauses?). I guess such binary purpose/manner readings may
be to some extent observed for English too:
She was screaming so that he could hear her
First reading: She was screaming in order for him to hear her
Second reading: She was screaming so (loud) that he could hear her.
I too would be interested to hear about some more polyfunctionalities
of this kind.
Anna Martowicz, MA, PhD
Theoretical & Applied Linguistics/
Language Evolution & Computation Research Unit
University of Edinburgh
Dugald Stewart Building
3 Charles Street
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