query: grammaticalization go/be.in > negation

Wolfgang Schulze W.Schulze at LRZ.UNI-MUENCHEN.DE
Thu Jan 31 18:02:00 UTC 2013

Dear all,
just a brief note: Heine & Kuteva (World Lexicon of Grammaticalization 
2002: 192-3) mention the LEAVE concept turning into a negator. 
Obviously, we have to deal with an inferential process ["she eats [and] 
leaves" => "she does not eat (anymore)]". This kind of 'separative' may 
naturally show other types of grammaticalization output, too (such as 
'permissive' causation). I assume that the concept of SEPARATION comes 
close to something that can be associated with J.G. Jung's archetypes...
Best wishes,

>> -----Original Message-----
>> From: Discussion List for ALT
>> [mailto:LINGTYP at LISTSERV.LINGUISTLIST.ORG] On Behalf Of David Gil
>> Sent: 31 January 2013 05:30
>> Subject: query: grammaticalization go/be.in > negation
>> Dear all,
>> In English motherese, the expression 'allgone' is often used to
>> express a negative concept involving the disappearance or absence of
>> an entity previously present.
>> I am interested in ascertaining how common or rare it is,
>> cross-linguistically, for a verb of motion (eg. 'go') or location (eg.
>> 'be in') to undergo extension of meaning, or grammaticalization, to
>> express various negative concepts, as in the above 'allgone' example.
>> The reason behind this query is as follows.  In Roon (an
>> Austronesian language of West Papua), the same verb has a range of
>> meanings which includes 'be in' and 'disappear'.  (The logic behind
>> this would seem to be that if something goes or is located somewhere else, then it is no
>> longer here.)   In addition, the stem on which this verb is based is
>> also used to form negative imperatives.  I am currently trying to
>> figure out whether to analyze this in terms of macrofunctionality,
>> polysemy, or accidental homophony, so whether similar patterns are
>> attested cross-linguistically would be of relevance to the choice of
>> analysis.
>> Looking forward to any responses,
>> David
>> --
>> David Gil
>> Department of Linguistics
>> Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Deutscher Platz
>> 6,
>> D-04103 Leipzig, Germany
>> Telephone: 49-341-3550321 Fax: 49-341-3550119
>> Email: gil at eva.mpg.de
>> Webpage:  http://www.eva.mpg.de/~gil/
> --
> Paul J. Hopper,
> Paul Mellon Distinguished Professor of Humanities Emeritus, Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, Tel. 412-683-1109, Fax 412-268-7989.
> Adjunct Professor of Linguistics,
> Department of Linguistics,
> University of Pittsburgh.
> Senior External Fellow,
> School of Linguistics and Literature,
> Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS), Freiburg i.Br., Germany



*Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Schulze *


Institut für Allgemeine & Typologische Sprachwissenschaft

Dept. II / F 13

Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

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<mailto:W.Schulze at lrz.uni-muenchen.de> /// Wolfgang.Schulze at lmu.de 
<mailto:Wolfgang.Schulze at lmu.de>

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