[Lingtyp] passive, wh, and case-marking
Frederick J Newmeyer
fjn at u.washington.edu
Wed Apr 1 21:06:21 UTC 2015
Consider a language with the following properties:
1. Productive case marking distinguishing subjects from direct objects
2. A passive-type construction involving a change of word order.
3. A ‘wh’-type construction where the displaced element is not in an argument position.
In English and in many other language the direct object under passivization is case-marked as a subject, while the displaced ‘wh’-element retains its ‘original’ case marking. Consider an example from English (in a dialect where ‘who’ and ‘whom’ are strictly distinguished):
1. She/*Her was seen by him.
2. *Who/Whom did you see?
Does anybody know of a language that works in the opposite way?
Frederick J. Newmeyer
Professor Emeritus, University of Washington
Adjunct Professor, U of British Columbia and Simon Fraser U
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