[Lingtyp] query: verbal diminutives
gk101 at cam.ac.uk
Sat Dec 15 09:56:31 UTC 2018
In some Neo-Aramaic dialects (Semitic) diminutives of verbs can be
expressed through a type of sound symbolism by raising the pitch, e.g.
ˁzaqzəq ‘to shiver (whole body)’ [flat, pharyngealized, low F2) vs.
zaqzəq ‘to throb (e.g. finger)’ [plain, higher F2]. See:
Khan, Geoffrey. 2016. /The Neo-Aramaic Dialect of the Assyrian
Christians of Urmi/. 4 vols. Studies in Semitic Languages and
Linguistics 86. Leiden-Boston: Brill, vol. 1, p.180.
On 14/12/2018 12:34, Lier, Eva van wrote:
> Dear colleagues,
> We are looking for examples and literature on verbal diminutives in
> and across languages.
> Currently, we have some information on verbal diminutives in various
> languages. Some examples include: German /hüsteln /(‘to cough
> lightly’), Italian /dormicchiare /(‘to doze’), Croatian /grickati
> /(‘to nibble’), Czech /tr//̌epotat /(‘to flutter’),// Slovene
> /igri//čkati/ (‘to play around’), Russian /xaxan’kat /(‘to giggle’),
> Finnish /luk-ais-e /(‘skim through (a text)’ < /luk- /‘read’), San’ani
> Arabic /tSaynai /(‘to pretend not to hear’ < /Saanaj /‘to not hear’),
> Hebrew /kifcec /(‘to jump around < /kafac /‘to jump’), Passamaquoddy
> /ə̆p//ə-ss-//ìn /(sit-dim-animate.intransitive.2 < ‘sit down, little
> one!’), Huave /jujyuij /(‘to shake gently’), and Lardil/laala/ (‘to
> jab lightly’ < /latha/ ‘to spear’).
> These examples show that the morphological patterns that we subsume
> under “verbal diminutives” fulfill a number of semantic functions,
> such as iterative/frequentative/durative, low intensity,
> distributivity, and attenuation. These functions may extend
> (pragmatically) to playfulness, tentativeness,
> pretense/irrealis/fictiveness, trivialization, aimlessness,
> affection/intimacy, and contempt/pejorativeness. In some cases (see
> Passamaquoddy above), verbal diminutive marking implies that an event
> participant is a child or an otherwise small entity.
> Also, verbal diminutives can be expressed by various morphological
> means, including affixation, reduplication, and non-concatenative
> morphology. In some cases, the verbal diminutive markers are related
> to nominal diminutives; in other cases, they seem to have different
> origins, such as spatial markers. The productivity of verbal
> diminutive formation apparently differs between languages.
> We would be grateful for any references and/or examples of verbal
> diminutives in the language(s) of your expertise, including their
> semantics/pragmatics, formation, (diachronic) origin, productivity and
> usage frequency.
> We will post a summary.
> Many thanks in advance!
> Eva van Lier, Jenny Audring, Sterre Leufkens
> Eva van Lier, PhD
> Department of Linguistics
> University of Amsterdam
> www.uva.nl/profiel/e.h.vanlier <http://www.uva.nl/profiel/e.h.vanlier>
> P.C.Hoofthuis, kamer 6.45
> Spuistraat 134, 1012 VB Amsterdam
> Lingtyp mailing list
> Lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
Regius Professor of Hebrew
University of Cambridge
Faculty of Asian and Middle Eastern Studies
Cambridge CB3 9DA
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
More information about the Lingtyp