[Lingtyp] Typological works on echoes
tasakutsunoda at nifty.com
Sun Jun 17 12:58:44 UTC 2018
(i) In the Warrongo running texts of 6 hours 40 minutes, I have found only two sets of examples involving the imperative. So, this phenomenon seems to be not common in Warrongo.
(ii) Warrongo has two suffixes for the imperative:
-Ø (zero), mainly used for transitive verbs.
-yal, mainly used for intransitive verbs.
There are a few verbs that may take either suffix.
(iii) A Japanese equivalent may be something like the following.
I do not remember hearing such a sentence, but I think it can be used, and that it can mean ‘Do you mean to say that I should go?’ This is similar to the (b) reading below.
送信元: Joo Ian <ian.joo at outlook.com>
日付: 2018年6月17日日曜日 16:34
宛先: TasakuTsunoda <tasakutsunoda at nifty.com>, "lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org" <lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org>
件名: RE: [Lingtyp] Typological works on echoes
That is a very interesting piece of information, thank you for sharing it with us. Is it a recurrent pattern in Warrongo (for the hearer to repeat the imperative)? Also, how is the imperative expressed, with a suffix? Would the Japanese equivalent be “watashi ik-e”?
>From Hong Kong,
Sent: Sunday, June 17, 2018 2:59 PM
To: Joo Ian; lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
Subject: Re: [Lingtyp] Typological works on echoes
This may not be what you are looking for, but I have found two sets of interesting examples in the running texts of Warrongo (northeast Australia). Roughly speaking, the examples can be shown as follows.
Speaker A: You(SG) go-IMPERATIVE.
Speaker B: I go-IMPERATIVE.
In Speaker B’s sentence, the subject is now ‘I’, not ‘you(SG). The verb remains in the imperative form.
Speaker B’s sentence does not seem to mean ‘Let’s go!’. It seems to mean either (a) or (b).
(a) ‘[OK,] I will go.’
(b) ‘Do you mean to say that I should go?’
Please see the following:
Tsunoda, Tasaku. 2011. A grammar of Warrongo (Mouton Grammar Library 53). Berlin and New York: De Gruyter Mouton.
送信元: Lingtyp <lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org> (Joo Ian <ian.joo at outlook.com> の代理)
日付: 2018年6月16日土曜日 2:41
宛先: "lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org" <lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org>
件名: [Lingtyp] Typological works on echoes
I would like to know if there are any typological works on echoes, where the speaker repeats what they have just heard, such as (1-3).
(1) A: I'm from Germany.
B: Oh, from Germany.
(2) A: It's really a nice day.
B: Yeah, a nice day.
(3) A: Go to the supermarket.
B: To the supermarket, okay.
I would greatly appreciate any reading suggestions.
>From Hong Kong,
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