[Lingtyp] Temporal features?
joan.bybee at gmail.com
Wed Oct 3 17:52:48 UTC 2018
I highly recommend you and others take a look at Perkins' book. Cultural
complexity is operationalized using standard anthropological measures.
Inflectional deixis is the focus of the linguistic features studied. The
study is based on a carefully structured sample of languages. Perkins
takes into account grammaticalization as a renewal process for inflectional
expression of deixis, arguing that it is related to the cultural factors
that determine how often deictic references are used. He also checks to see
if all inflectional material is similarly affected by cultural complexity,
and finds it is not.
On Wed, Oct 3, 2018 at 8:34 AM Hartmut Haberland <hartmut at ruc.dk> wrote:
> And what is ‘complex’? Malinowski was still allowed to write about
> ‘primitive languages’ but due to their - seen from our point of view - high
> information load (i. e. unfamiliarity) they and the associated cultures
> often appear to be more complex than those more familiar to us. Cultural
> change seems to have some kind of streamlining as the preferred option.
> > Den 3. okt. 2018 kl. 10.36 skrev Jan Rijkhoff <linjr at cc.au.dk>:
> > Eckehard,
> > I lent my copy of Perkins’ book to a student and never got it back - so
> I cannot check the original text at the moment. I would say his overall
> conclusion was that complex cultures make fewer distinctions in the deictic
> domain than less complex cultures. Perkins also found, for example, a
> positive correlation between cultural complexity and the number of
> relativizable positions.
> > I seem to remember the book was considered to be politically incorrect
> at the time. My review of the book can be found in Sprachtypologie und
> Universalienforschung (1994), vol. 47-3.
> > Rijkhoff, Jan. 1994. Review of Revere D. Perkins (1992), Deixis,
> Grammar, and Culture (Typological Studies in Language 24), Amsterdam:
> Benjamins. Sprachtypologie und Universalienforschung (STUF) 47-3, 230-233.
> > Jan R
> > --
> > J. Rijkhoff - Associate Professor
> > Linguistics, Aarhus University
> > Jens Chr. Skous Vej 2, Building 1485-621
> > DK-8000 Aarhus C, DENMARK
> > mail delivery: Building 1485-335
> > Phone: (+45) 87162143
> > E-mail: linjr at cc.au.dk
> > URL: http://firstname.lastname@example.org
> > On 02/10/2018, 20.56, ""Ekkehard König"" <koenig at zedat.fu-berlin.de>
> > Jan,
> > what exactly is the nature of the dependence or correlation?
> > Ekkehard
> >> Perkins (1992) investigated deictic distinctions in a sample of 49
> >> languages taken from different linguistic families and spoken in
> >> of varying complexity (ranked on a scale of 5). The main hypothesis
> >> was generally confirmed in this study) is “that the number of
> >> grammaticized deictic distinctions (those likely to be coded by affixes
> >> and in closed grammatical classes such as personal pronouns) depend on
> >> complexity of the culture where the language is spoken” (p. 7).
> >> Revere D. Perkins. 1992. Deixis, grammar, and culture (Typological
> >> in Language 24). Amsterdam: Benjamins.
> >> Jan Rijkhoff
> >> --
> >> J. Rijkhoff - Associate Professor
> >> Linguistics, Aarhus University
> >> Jens Chr. Skous Vej 2, Building 1485-621
> >> DK-8000 Aarhus C, DENMARK
> >> Phone: (+45) 87162143
> >> E-mail: linjr at cc.au.dk<mailto:linjr at cc.au.dk>
> >> URL: http://email@example.com
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