[Lingtyp] Adjective word order cognitive universal
tangzhengda at 126.com
Sun Oct 13 16:10:31 UTC 2019
>>> Is there anyone on this list that know of an example of Adj-Num-Dem-N being the most common order in a language?
In Chinese Putonghua, both Adj-[Num-Cl]-N and Adj-[Dem-Cl]-N are at least equally common compared to the order where Adj. is the closest to N, and in spoken Chinese they are dominant. The ordering of Adj-[Num-Cl]-[Dem-Cl]-N, unusual though, is also possible. The example: Hong-hong-de san-kuang na-zhong pingguo (red-REDUP-ATTR three-basket that-kind apple; Lit. 'three basket of that kind of apples').
Institute of Linguistics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences,
No.5 Jianguomennei Dajie, Beijing, China; 100732
At 2019-10-13 12:28:51, "Dryer, Matthew" <dryer at buffalo.edu> wrote:
· On the order of demonstrative, numeral, adjective, and noun
· Matthew S. Dryer
· Linguistic Society of America
· Volume 94, Number 4, December 2018
From: Lingtyp <lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org> on behalf of Hedvig Skirgård <hedvig.skirgard at gmail.com>
Date: Sunday, October 13, 2019 at 12:03 AM
To: "<LINGTYP at LISTSERV.LINGUISTLIST.ORG>" <LINGTYP at listserv.linguistlist.org>
Subject: [Lingtyp] Adjective word order cognitive universal
In a recent paper on word order and cognitive universals, Alexander Martin, Theeraporn Ratitamkul, Klaus Abels, David Adger and Jennifer Culbertson argue that there are certain cognitive constraints when it comes to the placement of numerals, demonstratives and adjectives in a noun phrase.
"First, the most common orders place adjectives closest to the noun, then numerals, then demonstratives (e.g., N-Adj-Num-Dem). Second, exceptions to this are restricted to post-nominal position (e.g., N-Dem-Num-Adj, but not, for instance, Adj-Num-Dem-N)."
Is there anyone on this list that know of an example of Adj-Num-Dem-N being the most common order in a language?
Caveats for the existence of "adjectives" as a category of course, anything that is functionally similar enough will do. (Same for the others.)
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