[Lingtyp] 'Take' as diachronic source for causative? 'Stand' for ingressive?

Spronck, Stef stef.spronck at helsinki.fi
Thu Aug 20 04:25:20 UTC 2020

Dear Claudia,

McKay (1978: 158) notes that in the Australian language Rembarrnga ‘there appears to be a close relationship between the _-ka_ CAUS suffix and the verb _ka_ ‘take’ used as an auxiliary’.

Best wishes,

McKay, Graham Richard. 1975. Rembarnga: A language of central Arnhem land. PhD dissertation, The Australian National University.

From: Lingtyp <lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org> On Behalf Of Claudia Wegener
Sent: 18 August 2020 15:07
To: Linguistic Typology <lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org>
Subject: [Lingtyp] 'Take' as diachronic source for causative? 'Stand' for ingressive?

Dear all,

It was suggested to me that grammaticalization of the verb 'take' to a causative marker is typologically unusual, and indeed, apart from the mention of Twi and Nupe (in Kuteva et al. 2019 and sources cited therein) and Fon (Lefebvre 1991) I have found little to no information on languages where this has happened... Would any of you know any other languages and could point me towards publications I could cite?

And related to this, I have been even less successful at finding languages where the verb for 'to stand' (as posture verb) has been grammaticalized to function as a marker for ingressive - if you know of any, would you be so kind to point me to any publications?

Many thanks in advance,



Lefebvre, Claire. 1991. Take serial verb constructions in Fon. In Claire Lefebvre (ed.), Serial Verbs: Grammatical, Comparative and Cognitive Approaches, 37-78. Amsterdam, Philadelphia: Benjamins.

Kuteva, Tania, Bernd Heine, Bo Hong, Haiping Long, Heiko Narrog & Seongha Rhee (eds.). 2019. World Lexicon of Grammaticalization, 2nd edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Claudia Wegener

Abteilung Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft

Institut für Linguistik

Universität zu Köln


50923 Köln
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