[Lingtyp] Morpheme or X0 "extraction"

Muysken, P.C. (Pieter) p.muysken at let.ru.nl
Wed Aug 26 12:01:37 UTC 2020

?Dear Adam,

you may want to have a look at "predicate cleft" constructions in Kwa languages and some Caribbean Creole language.


Van: Lingtyp <lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org> namens Adam James Ross Tallman <ajrtallman at utexas.edu>
Verzonden: woensdag 26 augustus 2020 13:49
Aan: LINGTYP at listserv.linguistlist.org
Onderwerp: [Lingtyp] Morpheme or X0 "extraction"

Hello all,

I am wondering if anyone has found examples where single morphemes can extract to first position. It is well-known that German can do this as in

Gelungen ist hier selten wem was auf anhieb
succeeded is here rarely somebody.DAT something.NOM on first.attempt
'that it was rarely the case that somebody succeeded in doing something here on the first attempt'

For some reason the full VP cannot extract (*Wem gelunden ist hier selten was auf anhieb). You can modify the fronted verb with an adverb so gut and apparently its grammatical (Bruening 2018)

In Chácobo one can "extract" individual adverbial elements, but as far as I can tell only one of these elements can be "extracted" at a time.

yama tsaya=k?
neg   see=dec:past
's/he didn't see it.'

I wonder if there are cases like Chacobo or like German except where the verb cannot be modified by some element that is also fronted. Just instances of apparently non-phrasal (word, root or stem) extraction would also be interesting.

p.s. I don't exactly know what extraction means all the time. In particular I'm not sure on what basis we can always assume that one sentence is derived from the other. For instance, in Chacobo I don't know on what basis I would assume that the verb is not in fact undergoing rightward extraction.



Adam J.R. Tallman
PhD, University of Texas at Austin
Investigador del Museo de Etnografía y Folklore, la Paz
ELDP -- Postdoctorante
CNRS -- Dynamique Du Langage (UMR 5596)
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