[Lingtyp] R: Non-present lexemes
christian.lehmann at uni-erfurt.de
Wed Dec 7 11:05:41 UTC 2022
the semantic property you are interested in may be shared by the
perfective aspect of more languages. Another one is Cabecar (Chibchan).
Similarly as in Russian (salvo errore), the perfective most of the time
refers to past events, but reference to future events is possible. It
seems that such a behavior of an aspect morpheme is not quite the same
as the semantics of temporal adverbs that have been adduced. These
latter do refer to points or periods of time, whereas the perfective
views the event in question in its entirety, including the boundaries of
its extension in time. This is straightforwardly possible for past
events, but requires additional interpretive effort for future events.
What I am saying is that the perfective aspect may not quite meet the
requirement of your initial quest about "time reference".
Prof. em. Dr. Christian Lehmann
E-Post: christianw_lehmann at arcor.de
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