[Lingtyp] Reduplication for negation marking

Gilles Authier gilles.authier at gmail.com
Sat Mar 12 16:55:06 UTC 2022

Dear Jorge,

Dahl's reference needs to be nuanced using his first-hand source, most
likely Magometov' grammar (1965, p 208) (*alakuz* 'to smear' > neg *alalakuz,
*etc). Here an analogical process yielded apparent reduplication of the
preverb (the negation prefix has many allomorphs, one of which ends up
matching one of the preverbs).
More to your point are the neighbouring (also East Caucasian but but not
closely related) Dargwa dialects), where the *root *appears duplicated
before the original negative prefixed form, in particular Kubachi, after
the negation prefix underwent attrition, also described by Magometov
(1963): *ba:q'ij* 'to do', neg. *ba:q'a:q'ij (< **b-a:q'-(a)-a:q'-ij *

This is very probably a micro-areal feature.

On Sat, Mar 12, 2022 at 5:01 PM Jorge Rosés Labrada <jrosesla at ualberta.ca>

> Estimad at s, prezad at s, dear everyone,
> Is any of you familiar with a language where negation (of main clauses but
> I'll take any type of negation) is marked via reduplication? Dahl (1979:81)
> says this is a "marginal" type of negation marking and mentions only one
> language (Tabasaran, Nakh-Daghestanian) where a subset of verbs
> (trisyllabic and with a preverb) mark negation via reduplication—in this
> case, reportedly of the second syllable—and Inkelas (2012: 357) says that
> reduplication in one "of the functions that seem rarely, if ever, to be
> reduplicative in form."
> Any suggestions would be much appreciated!
> Best,
> Jorge
> References:
> Dahl, Östen. 1979. “Typology of Sentence Negation.” *Linguistics* 17
> (1–2): 79–106. https://doi.org/10.1515/ling.1979.17.1-2.79.
> Inkelas, Sharon. 2012. “Reduplication.” In *The Morphology and Phonology
> of Exponence*, edited by Jochen Trommer, 355–79. Oxford: Oxford
> University Press.
> https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199573721.003.0011.
> -------------
> Jorge Emilio Rosés Labrada (He, him, his
> <https://www.su.ualberta.ca/services/thelanding/learn/pronouns/>)
> Assistant Professor, Indigenous Language Sustainability
> 4-22 Assiniboia Hall
> Department of Linguistics, University of Alberta
> Tel: (+1) 780-492-5698
> Email: jrosesla at ualberta.ca
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