Vodka, Fez, Angora, Bulgur, Dolma (1803? 1812?)
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Bapopik at AOL.COM
Fri Jan 25 07:27:06 UTC 2002
TRAVELS THROUGH THE SOUTHERN PROVINCES OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE,
IN THE YEARS 1793 AND 1794.
translated from the German of P. S. Pallas
second edition, in two volumes
London: John Stockdale
Arno Press and The New York Times, NY
OED cites this book for "fez" and "vodka." "1812" is given, along with "1802-1803."
However, how could OED miss everything else? "Dolma," which it has for 1889? And "bulgur"! OED has 1934!!!! Merriam-Webster has 1926!!!!
Pg. 496: ...the Russians import dried fruits, marmelade made of boiled grapes, called Bekmess, and that of other fruit, called (Pg. 497--ed.) Nardenk; Anadolian nuts, which are sent to the interior of the country; gall nuts, called Balamut....
Pg. 412: The excellent honey which they produce, is partly made into mead after having been diluted with boiling water, partly used with a fermented liquor made of millet, and called _Busa_, and partly consumed at the table.
Pg. 410: Their principal species of grain is millet, of which they make cakes, hasty puddings, and prepare various kinds of pastry, as well as their common beverage, by the natives called _Hantkups_, and by the Kozaks of Terek, _Yantzokh_.
Pg. 347: ..._Fez_....
Pg. 359 (CRIMEA): Among the most esteemed delicacies are, forced-meat-balls wrapped in green vine or sorrel-leaves, and called Sarma; various fruits, as cucumbers, quinces, or apples, filled with minced meat, _Dolma_; stuffed cucumbers; dishes of melons, _Badilshan_, and _Hibiscus efculentus_, or _Bamia_, prepared in various ways with spices or saffron; all of which are served up with rice; also _Pelaw_, or rice, boiled in meat-broth, till it becomes dry; fat mutton and lamb, both boiled and roasted, &c.
Pg. 360: ...a kind of pelaw, made either of dried or bruised unripe wheat, and which they call _Bulgur_; and, lastly, their bread is generally composed of mixed grain. Their ordinary beverage is made by triturating and dissolving cheese in water; the former of which is called _Yasma_, being prepared from coagulated milk, or _Yugurt_; but the fashionale intoxicating drink is an ill-tasted and very strong beer, or _Busa_, brewed of ground millet. Many persons also drink a spiritous liquor, _Arraki_....
Pg. 429: Formerly, the Tartars prepared large quantities of _Bekmess_, or marmalade, and _Misseless_, or syrup, from their grapes.
Pg. 484: ..._Sekiskaya-Vodka_, or brandy distilled from fruit, and the lees of grapes....
Pg. 486: ...such commerce might be still farther extended by importing Brusian silk, Angora-goats' hair, and many simple drugs, which can be procured at a lower rate directly from the Levant, as well as fafflower ("S" or "F"?--ed.), madder, and saffron.
(OED has 1819 and 1867 entries for "angora"--ed.)
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