For HISTLING, "Origin of nominal morphology"
krasukh at iling.msk.su
Thu Jun 19 10:52:38 UTC 2003
The question about etymology of affixes, mentioned by Guy Deuts-
cher, is very important. One can remember, that Franz Bopp has estab-
lished the agglutination theory. According Bopp, any affix is from
origin a word: aorist suffix *-S- is the verb *ES- "be", flexion of
Nominative *-S is demonstrative pronoun usf. But lingustics could ne-
ither reiect nor approve this these. I can say, that the verbal ending
of 1 sg. *-M has the same origin, as the personal pronoun *ME, and en-
dings of 3 sg *-T (Injunctive), *-TI Present), *-TU (Imperative) are
identical with the nominal suffixes *-T, *-TI, *-TU (Laroche 1975).
But not each suffix or flexion has so apparent etymology. The trans-
formation of separate word in the connective word and then in
the grammatical affix is good attested in Germanic and Romance langua-
ges: Fr. CHEZ (< CASA), -MENT, German -LICH (Eng. -LY), -HEIT (-HOOD),
-TUM (-DOM). But Proto-Language doesn't allow to find the clear atymo-
logy for each soffix or desinence. We cannot say exactly: Is the suf-
fix of verbal nouns *-TER-, *-MEN- of the same origin, as root *TER-
"move", *MEN- "think, remember"? But we haven't the necessity to find
their origin. More important is the circumstance, that the full grade
athematic variants of these suffixes builds the Nomina agentis, and
Nomina concreta, zero grade athematics - Nomina actionis and Nomina
abstracta, and thematic variants means verbal adjectives, - inactives
and/ or modal (more exactly - Krasuchin to appear in Akten der Arbeit-
stagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft "Indogermanisches Nomen").
Thus we can describe the programm of research of desinences and gram-
matical affihes: "Not etymology, but etiology".
About the suffix of Perfect Participle *-UOS-. I think, that it is connec-
ted with adjectives in *-U-, meant the result of action: OInd TAUTI "grow"
- Greek TAUS MEGAS (Hes.)"great < grown".
Sincerely, Konstantin Krasukhin
Professor of General and Comparative Linguistics,
Institute of Linguistics,
B.Kislovsky per, 1/12,
125009, Moscow, Russia,
fax (7 095)290-05-28,
e-mail krasukh at iling.msk.su
More information about the Histling