[Lingtyp] Seats of emotions: experiencer pronouns, body-part collocations and similar

m.chumakina at surrey.ac.uk m.chumakina at surrey.ac.uk
Mon Jun 29 22:37:57 UTC 2015


Dear Kilu,

Caucasian languages have been mentioned before, I just want to add the body part (or, more precisely, body liquid) which as far as I could see hasn’t been mentioned yet. In Archi, a Nakh-Daghestanian (North-East Caucasian) language, ‘gall’ is used to express anger:



buwa-n                               sːam                   b-oχːo
mother(ii)-sg.gen              gall(iii)[sg.abs] iii.sg-rise.pfv
‘Mother got angry’ (lit.: ‘Mother’s gall rose’)

Answering your second question, the noun sːam ‘gall’ is also  used as a noun meaning ‘anger’.

Best regards,
Marina

From: Lingtyp [mailto:lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org] On Behalf Of Kilu von Prince
Sent: 27 June 2015 09:40
To: LINGTYP at listserv.linguistlist.org
Subject: [Lingtyp] Seats of emotions: experiencer pronouns, body-part collocations and similar

Dear colleagues,

I'm working on an article on expressions of emotions that require an idiosyncratic combination of a subject (typically a body-part) and predicate (typically with a more general meaning such as `be good', `be sweet', `hurt' or similar), as exemplified by the following structure from Oceanic Daakaka:

(1) yu-on mwe yaa
inside.of-3S.POSS REAL hurt
`he/she is angry'

I am aware of a few other, typologically diverse languages that show such structures: Acholi (Bavin 1996), Hmong (Clark 1996) and Anywa (Reh 1996), which is described to have `experiencer pronouns'.

I would like to know:
1) if you know of other languages with such structures; and
2) how are the corresponding nominal notions expressed in these languages (anger, happiness, sadness, love)?

Of course, I'll be happy to cite your published work or cite your personal communication as a source, unless you specify otherwise.

Regards,
Kilu

References:
Bavin, Edith L. 1996. Body parts in Acholi: alienable and inalienable distinctions and extended uses. In: Chappell, Hilary, & McGregor, William (eds), e grammar of inalienability: A typological perspective on body part terms and the part-whole relation. Berlin, New York: De Gruyter Mouton.

Clark, Marybeth. 1996. Where do you feel? – stative verbs and body-part terms in Mainland Southeast Asia. In: Chappell, Hilary, & McGregor, William (eds), e grammar of inalienability: A typological perspective on body part terms and the part-whole relation. Berlin, New York: De Gruyter Mouton.

Reh, Mechthild. 1996. Anywa language. Description and internal reconstructions. (Nilo-Saharan, 11.). Köln: Rüdiger Köppe.
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