[Lingtyp] fear + NEG
misha.daniel at gmail.com
Wed Mar 18 11:39:31 UTC 2015
below is a letter I post on behalf of Nina Dobrushina. If you have any
references or ideas that you could share, please send them to her:
nina.dobrushina at gmail.com (also in the copy above)
could you give me hints on empirical evidence and literature about
languages where the predicates of fear (‘fear’, ‘to be afraid’, ‘to worry’
and the like) (tend to) have negation in the complement clause? I am aware
of Russian, French (and other Romance languages), Japanese, and some Turkic
languages like Kumyk. Two examples are provided below.
Je crain-s que la lettre n’ arrive pas
I fear COMPL DEF letter NEG come.SUBJ.3SG NEG
LT: 'I am afraid that the letter does not arrive'
(less literal 'I am afraid that the letter may not arrive')
Japanese (example courtesy Tasaku Tsunoda):
Nanika waru-i koto=ga oki-nak-at-ta=ka
something bad-NPST thing=NOM happen-NEG-LINK-PST=Q
LT: ‘[I] am worried whether something bad did not happen.’
FT: ‘I am worried that something bad happened.’
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