Name this construction

Tatiana Oranskaia tatiana.oranskaia at UNI-HAMBURG.DE
Mon Nov 6 17:24:05 UTC 2006


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Dear Bob Eaton,

this construction is called "stative":  Ludmila Khkhlova. Stative 
Participles in Western NIA Languages // Vidyopaasanaa: Studies in Honour 
of Harrivallabh C.Bhayani. Mumbai-Ahmedabad, Image Publications 1999.
See also: Annie Monatau. A Grammar of Hindi, LINCOM Europa 2004, p. 103

With best wishes
Tatiana Oranskaia

Bob Eaton schrieb:

> VYAKARAN: South Asian Languages and Linguistics Net Editors: Tej K. 
> Bhatia, Syracuse University, New York John Peterson, University of 
> Osnabrueck, Germany Details: Send email to listserv at listserv.syr.edu 
> and say: INFO VYAKARAN Subscribe:Send email to 
> listserv at listserv.syr.edu and say: SUBSCRIBE VYAKARAN FIRST_NAME 
> LAST_NAME (Substitute your real name for first_name last_name) 
> Archives: http://listserv.syr.edu
> Does anyone have a reference describing the tense/aspect/mood of the 
> Hindi construction:
>  
> V-PERF   to.be-PERF    PRES
>  
> Or in words: the main semantic verb in the perfective aspect, followed 
> by "to.be" also in the perfective aspect, followed by a tense 
> auxiliary. For example,
>  
>
> मैंने
>
> 	
>
> यह
>
> 	
>
> काम
>
> 	
>
> किया
>
> 	
>
> हुआ
>
> 	
>
> है।
>
> mai.n-ne
>
> 	
>
> y-ah
>
> 	
>
> kaam
>
> 	
>
> ki-y-aa
>
> 	
>
> hu-0-aa
>
> 	
>
> h-ai
>
> 1SG-ERG
>
> 	
>
> PRX-sg
>
> 	
>
> work
>
> 	
>
> to.do-PERF-msg
>
> 	
>
> to.be-PERF-msg
>
> 	
>
> PRES-3sg
>
>  
> It seems to be some form of present perfect aspect, but I need to 
> understand how it is different from the regular present perfect:
>  
>
> मैंने
>
> 	
>
> यह
>
> 	
>
> काम
>
> 	
>
> किया
>
> 	
>
> है।
>
> mai.n-ne
>
> 	
>
> y-ah
>
> 	
>
> kaam
>
> 	
>
> ki-y-aa
>
> 	
>
> h-ai
>
> 1SG-ERG
>
> 	
>
> PRX-sg
>
> 	
>
> work
>
> 	
>
> to.do-PERF-msg
>
> 	
>
> PRES-3sg
>
> I have done this work.
>
>  
> That is, what does the addition of "to.be" in the perfective aspect do 
> for it.
>  
> [I'm asking, because Kangri and Dogri make this distinction 
> morphologically, and I'm trying to describe it].
>  
> Thanks in advance,
> Bob
>  

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