[Lingtyp] Question on reduplication for translative sense

Anvita Abbi anvitaabbi at gmail.com
Wed Jun 15 16:19:35 UTC 2016

Dear Randy
Most of the Indo-Aryan languages convey translative meaning by
duplication of location nouns as in the following Hindi examples. However,
I have no idea of any language using partial reduplication.

1 *s**əɽək s**əɽək    *

    road road    go-imp

   ‘Go by road’

2. *ɟ**ə**ŋg**əl **ɟ**ə**ŋg**əl ja-oge             to     cʰupe     rah-oge*

orest forest go-2sg.fut   then  hidden stay-2sg.fut

  ‘(if) you go by forests you will stay hidden’


On Jun 15, 2016 2:24 PM, "Randy John LaPolla (Prof)" <
RandyLaPolla at ntu.edu.sg> wrote:

Hi All,
In the Rawang language (Tibeto-Burman, Northern Myanmar/Burma) I find a type
of reduplication where the reduplication of the last syllable of a common
noun, proper noun, or other word referring to a location can mark a
translative (going through or by, or by way of) sense, as in the following

            a.   *Shı̀gùnggùng dı̄ráı̀.*

                  *shı̀gùng-gùng         dı̄-rá-ı̀*

                  mountain-REDUP    go-DIR-I.PAST

                  'He came by way of the mountains.'

            b.   *Zı̀dv̀n dv̀n               *'by way of Zidan
(thatch-growing plain)'

In most other TB languages the translocative sense (along with other
locational senses) would be marked by postpositions, so this is unusual.

Has anyone found anything like this particular use of partial reduplication
in other languages? If so, could you please send me references?

Thanks very much!

*Prof. Randy J. LaPolla, PhD FAHA* (羅仁地)| Division of Linguistics and
Multilingual Studies | Nanyang Technological University
HSS-03-45, 14 Nanyang Drive, Singapore 637332 | Tel: (65) 6592-1825 GMT+8h
| Fax: (65) 6795-6525 | http://randylapolla.net/

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