[Lingtyp] common background particles
panovmeister at gmail.com
Wed Dec 5 13:07:05 UTC 2018
Thank you all for very valuable links and examples!
At the end, it seems that this meaning is pretty well represented
ср, 5 дек. 2018 г. в 11:32, Ludwig Paul <ludwig.paul at uni-hamburg.de>:
> Dear Vladimir,
> just an addition to your German data: Bavarian "fai" has the same
> meaning, and is probably more specific, and more frequent, than High
> German "ja". Its origin seems toe be from feil, which means "fore
> sale" (see, "feilbieten").
> Ludwig Paul
> Zitat von Vladimir Panov <panovmeister at gmail.com>:
> > Dear collegues,
> > In some languages of Europe (e.g. Russian and German) there are special
> > markers ("particles") that have among their core functions the one of
> > "reminding" the hearer of some common background information that s/he is
> > expected to share with the speaker.
> > Russian:
> > S1: Magazin zakryt.
> > shop closed
> > The shop is closed
> > S2: Konečno, segodnia *že* voskresen'je
> > of.course today PRT Sunday
> > Of course, (you know that) today is Sunday.
> > In Russian, *že* has some other prominent functions as well. A very
> > meaning is also provided by the sentence-initial *ved'* ("common ground"
> > its core meaning). For German, the particles *ja *and, to a certain
> > *doch* are often descirbed in similar terms. For both German and Russian,
> > these particles have been extensively studied.
> > Markers having this meaning as at least one of the prominent ones are
> > in many languages the Circum-Baltic region, Eastern and Northern Europe,
> > Finno-Ugric languages of the European part of Russia. However, they seem
> > be rare or even absent in Romance languages (but are present in Latin),
> > rest of West Germanic languages and in the Balkans. Arguably, the overt
> > marking of this meaning may be considered an areal feature of this
> > particular macroregion.
> > I would like to ask if anyone is aware of languages beyond Europe that
> > this type of markers. I am mostly interested in the rest of Eurasia, but
> > not only.
> > Thank you,
> > Vladimir Panov
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