[Lingtyp] Any references on temporal relative clauses

Isabelle BRIL isabelle.bril at cnrs.fr
Tue Dec 11 09:22:34 UTC 2018

Dear Jesus

there are such time“clausal noun-modifying constructions" in a number 
ofOceanic languages from New Caledonia, among which Nêlêmwa

Bril Isabelle 2002. Le nêlêmwa (Nouvelle-Calédonie). Analyse syntaxique 
et sémantique, p 438-439 in particular.

(47)cêêkââleknok*ni****yeewa-t****  dua*hlayhalap  hlaabaikibu-va

             very be.plenty fish in time    when 3plfish      

           “there was plenty of fish at the time when our ancestors went 

(49)   hla thoogi-e *n**i khooba yeewa-t****dua*******i     khuwo

3pl  call-3sg  in number  time       when(realis) 3sg  eat

'someone called him whenever he was eating, "             (narrative)

(b)    hla thoogi-e *ni khooba yeewa-t****o***i khuwo

3pl  call-3sg  in number  time       when(irr) 3sg  eat

'someone calls him whenever he eats, " (generic)


in number  time when(irr) 3sgeat       then 3plcall-3sg

         'whenever he eats, someone calls  him"

d)n*i****khooba****yeewa-t****dua*** ikhuwo,*na*hlathoogi-e

in number  time when(real) 3sgeat       then 3plcall-3sg

'whenever he was eating, someone called him"


Le 11/12/2018 à 01:19, Microsoft.com Member a écrit :
> Dear all,
> As you know in many languages temporal, locative, and manner adverbial 
> clauses are structurally identical to relative clauses. This 
> structural identity between relative clauses and adverbial clauses is 
> not infrequent. As Thompson et al. (2007: 245) point out adverbial 
> clauses expressing time, location, and manner can commonly be 
> paraphrased, in many languages, “with a relative clause with a generic 
> and relatively semantically empty head noun: time, place, and 
> way/manner, respectively”.
> I send you this message because currently I am working on a final 
> paper for a course I am taking that explores “temporal relatives in 
> the world´s languages”, as can be seen in the examples in (1) and (2).
> *Kisi*(Niger-Congo/Mel; Childs 1995: 287)
> (1)ŋ̀còcììkìáŋ,*lɔ́ɔ́*ŋ̀còhùnɔ́ɔ́-*ó*.
> 1pl.sbjauxmeettime2sg.sbjauxcome-rel
> ʻWe will seeyou when you come.ʼ
> *Araki*(Austronesian/Oceanic: Vanuatu; François 2002: 182)
> (2)movari-anunu
> 3sg.realtake-3sgshadow
> ʻHe took the photo
> *lodani*no-m̈amtamopam̈ism̈auduro.
> locdayposs-1exc.pldad3sg.realseqstillliveprog
> at the time our father was still aliveʼ
> What I have found so far is that this construction seems to be very 
> frequent in many African (e.g. Eton, Koyra Chiini, Jalkunan, Fongbe, 
> etc) and Oceanic languages (e.g. Daakaka, Toqabaqita, 'Are'are, etc.). 
> I was wondering if you are aware of:
>  1. any paper(s) that has explore this type of construction.
>  2. any languages that have this type of construction.
> Any help will be appreciated!
> Best,
> --
> Jesús Olguín Martínez
> Ph.D. Student, Dept. of Linguistics
> /University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)/
> http://www.linguistics.ucsb.edu/people/jesús-olguín-martínez 
> <http://www.linguistics.ucsb.edu/people/jes%C3%BAs-olgu%C3%ADn-mart%C3%ADnez>
> *References*
> Childs, G. Tucker. 1995. /A Grammar of Kisi: A Southern Atlantic 
> Language/. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.
> François, Alexandre. 2002. /Araki: A Disappearing Language of 
> Vanuatu/. (Pacific Linguistics, 522.) Canberra: Research School of 
> Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.
> Thompson, Sandra, Longacre, Robert & Hwang, Shin. 2007. Adverbial 
> Clauses. In /Language Typology and Syntactic Description, Volume I//I: 
> Complex Constructions/, Timothy Shopen (ed.),//237-300. Cambridge: 
> Cambridge University Press.
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Isabelle Bril
Directeur de recherches (LACITO-CNRS)
Directeur d'Etudes à l'EPHE (Typologie et Typologie des langues austronésiennes)

Directrice de la fédération de recherches Typologie et Universaux des Langues (FR2559 CNRS)

Ecole de typologie ESSLT 2016

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