[Lingtyp] Any references on temporal relative clauses

Microsoft.com Member jesus_olguinmartinez at hotmail.com
Wed Dec 12 05:27:25 UTC 2018

Dear all,

I really want to thank you for this information on different languages.

Thank you very much!


Jesús Olguín
De: Peter Arkadiev <peterarkadiev at yandex.ru>
Enviado: martes, 11 de diciembre de 2018 06:10 p. m.
Para: Microsoft.com Member
Asunto: Re: [Lingtyp] Any references on temporal relative clauses

Dear Jesus,

temporal relative clauses are found in the Northwest Caucasian languages, see https://www.academia.edu/37552564/THE_NORTHWEST_CAUCASIAN_LANGUAGES
as well as e.g. Hewitt, B. George Non-finite Verbal Functions in Abkhaz (North West Caucasian). // Franck Floricic (ed.), Essais de Typologie et de Linguistique Générale. Mélanges Offerts à Denis Creissels. Paris: ENS Editions, 2010, pp. 269–286.

Best regards,


Peter Arkadiev, PhD
Institute of Slavic Studies
Russian Academy of Sciences
Leninsky prospekt 32-A 119991 Moscow
peterarkadiev at yandex.ru

11.12.2018, 03:20, "Microsoft.com Member" <jesus_olguinmartinez at hotmail.com>:

Dear all,

As you know in many languages temporal, locative, and manner adverbial clauses are structurally identical to relative clauses. This structural identity between relative clauses and adverbial clauses is not infrequent. As Thompson et al. (2007: 245) point out adverbial clauses expressing time, location, and manner can commonly be paraphrased, in many languages, “with a relative clause with a generic and relatively semantically empty head noun: time, place, and way/manner, respectively”.

I send you this message because currently I am working on a final paper for a course I am taking that explores “temporal relatives in the world´s languages”, as can be seen in the examples in (1) and (2).

Kisi (Niger-Congo/Mel; Childs 1995: 287)

(1)       ŋ̀                      cò        cììkìáŋ, lɔ́ɔ́       ŋ̀                     cò       hùnɔ́ɔ́-ó.

            1pl.sbj            aux     meet       time     2sg.sbj           aux     come-rel

            ʻWe will see  you when you come.ʼ

Araki (Austronesian/Oceanic: Vanuatu; François 2002: 182)

(2)       mo                vari-a               nunu

            3sg.real       take-3sg          shadow

            ʻHe took the photo

            lo       dani     no-m̈am        ta         mo                pa        m̈is      m̈audu             ro.

            loc     day      poss-1exc.pl  dad      3sg.real        seq      still      live                  prog

            at the time our father was still aliveʼ

What I have found so far is that this construction seems to be very frequent in many African (e.g. Eton, Koyra Chiini, Jalkunan, Fongbe, etc) and Oceanic languages (e.g. Daakaka, Toqabaqita, 'Are'are, etc.). I was wondering if you are aware of:

  1.  any paper(s) that has explore this type of construction.
  2.  any languages that have this type of construction.

Any help will be appreciated!


Jesús Olguín Martínez
Ph.D. Student, Dept. of Linguistics
University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB)


Childs, G. Tucker. 1995. A Grammar of Kisi: A Southern Atlantic Language. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton.

François, Alexandre. 2002. Araki: A Disappearing Language of Vanuatu. (Pacific Linguistics, 522.) Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.

Thompson, Sandra, Longacre, Robert & Hwang, Shin. 2007. Adverbial Clauses. In Language Typology and Syntactic Description, Volume II: Complex Constructions, Timothy Shopen (ed.), 237-300. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


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