[Lingtyp] Does bipolar polysemy exist?
lutianqiao at maonan.org
Fri Jun 1 09:57:14 UTC 2018
The following sentences in Mandarin Chinese might imply some bipolar polysemy:
(1) Wǒ chàdiǎner méi diào xiàqu
1sg almost not-yet fall down
can either mean:
"I almost fell down" (i.e. I did not fall down)
"I almost didn't fall down" (i.e. I did fall down)
(2) Wǒ chàdiǎner méi gàosu tā.
1sg almost not-yet tell 3sg.
can either mean:
"I almost told him/her" (i.e. I haven't told him/her)
"I almost haven't told him/her" (i.e. I did tell him/her)
Hopefully this might help.
School of Linguistic Sciences
Jiangsu Normal University
------------------ Original ------------------
From: "Giorgio Francesco Arcodia"<giorgio.arcodia at unimib.it>;
Date: Thu, May 31, 2018 07:06 PM
To: "mattis.list"<mattis.list at lingpy.org>;
Cc: "lingtyp"<lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org>;
Subject: Re: [Lingtyp] Does bipolar polysemy exist?
I don't know if that counts, but: in Italian, ospite means both 'host' and 'guest'. In a given situation, you can't be both, so, (I guess) in a sense this word can be the negation of itself.
Apologies, semantics is not my forte.
2018-05-31 13:03 GMT+02:00 Mattis List <mattis.list at lingpy.org>:
Wouldn't the frequent cases of pronouns or pronoun-like words in French
(personne = "person, nobody", pas = "step, not", etc.) come close to
this notion? And this process has historically also be claimed for other
negation words, like Ancient Greek "ou", if I am not mistaken.
On 2018-05-31 12:57, Joo Ian wrote:
> Dear all,
> I would like to know if the following universal claim holds:
> /There exists no lexeme that can mean X and the negation of X. (For
> example, no lexeme can express “to go” and “to not go”)./
> I wonder if such “bipolar polysemy” exists in any lexeme, because I
> cannot think of any, and whether this claim is truly universal.
> I would appreciate to know if there is any counter-evidence.
> From Hong Kong,
> Ian Joo
> Lingtyp mailing list
> Lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
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Prof. Dr. Giorgio Francesco Arcodia
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Dipartimento di Scienze Umane per la Formazione
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Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo, 1
20126 Milano 意大利 米蘭
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E-mail: giorgio.arcodia at unimib.it
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