[Lingtyp] history of linguistics: phonological word
hartmut at ruc.dk
Mon Jan 21 21:47:50 UTC 2019
As to the phonological word, there is Louis Roussel 1922, Grammaire déscriptive du roméïque litteraire [i.e. demotic Greek], Paris: Ancienne Librairie Fontemoing, who talks about the « mot métrique » (p. 44) and « une certaine nombre des mots … s’appuient sur let mot voisin ont il font alors partie intégrante. … Il va sans dire que l’orthographie ne donne sur eux que des reinseignements erronés. »
Cf. Mirambel 1959 La langue grecque moderne (Paris : Klincksieck) p. 25, 33, 67 and Brian D. Joseph 2002 “Defining ‘Word’ in Modern Greek.” Booij & van Maarle eds. Yearbook of Morphology 2001. Dordrecht: Kluwer 87-114.
Greek is interesting since what is called clitics can attract the stress of a phonological word:
ke tú-perne éna zevγári papútsia ‘and he bought him (as part of his salary) a pair of shoes
(from Markos Vamvakaris’ autobiography)
Department of Communication and Arts
Telephone: +45 46742841
Fra: Lingtyp <lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org> På vegne af Larry M. HYMAN
Sendt: 21. januar 2019 21:02
Til: Dryer, Matthew <dryer at buffalo.edu>
Cc: LINGTYP at listserv.linguistlist.org
Emne: Re: [Lingtyp] history of linguistics: phonological word
Not sure if everyone was similarly influenced, but this confirms my belief that Kenneth Pike either originated or was the most consistent proponent not only of the phonological word but of the phonological hierarchy subsequently adopted by others. See for example the following article which focuses on the phonological word in Otomí. Although later than those cited by Matthew (1968) refers back to Pike in footnote 3 (p.77):
"The hierarchical concept untilized in the present discussion is based upon Kenneth Pike's theory (1954-60)."
Wallis, Ethel E. 1968. The word and the phonological hierarchy of Mezquital Otomí. Language 44.76-90.
Pike, Kenneth L. 1954 (vol. 1), 1955 (vol.2), 1960 (vol.3). Language in relation to a unified theory of the structure of human behavior Glendale: Summer Institute of Linguistics.
I haven't gone back to check these works (or the Mouton book that came out a little later), but I suspect the winning lower bid is 1954, at least thus far.
On Mon, Jan 21, 2019 at 11:47 AM Dryer, Matthew <dryer at buffalo.edu<mailto:dryer at buffalo.edu>> wrote:
The three earliest uses of the expression phonological word that I am aware of are in
Healey, Alan. (1964) The Ok Language Family in New Guinea. Australian National University doctoral dissertation.
“There is a close, but
not perfect, correlation between the phonological and grammatical word.”
(Miller, Wick R. (1965) Acoma grammar and texts (University of California Publications in Linguistics 40). Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.)
“The phonological word has a stronger decrescendo of speed and intensity, and sometimes of pitch than does the stress group. In slow speech the phonological word usually corresponds with a grammatical word so that their decrescendos overlap, but in fast speech several stress groups with their included, mild decrescendos”
(Eastman, Elizabeth & Robert Eastman. (1963) Iquito syntax. In Studies in Peruvian Indian Languages 1, 145-192. Summer Institute of Linguistics.)
From: Lingtyp <lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org<mailto:lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org>> on behalf of TasakuTsunoda <tasakutsunoda at nifty.com<mailto:tasakutsunoda at nifty.com>>
Date: Monday, January 21, 2019 at 2:11 AM
To: Adam James Ross Tallman <ajrtallman at utexas.edu<mailto:ajrtallman at utexas.edu>>, "LINGTYP at listserv.linguistlist.org<mailto:LINGTYP at listserv.linguistlist.org>" <LINGTYP at listserv.linguistlist.org<mailto:LINGTYP at listserv.linguistlist.org>>
Subject: Re: [Lingtyp] history of linguistics: phonological word
Please see the following book:
Lyons, John. 1968. Introduction to theoretical linguistics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pp68-70 have the following subsection:
2.2.11 Grammatical and phonological words
送信元: Lingtyp <lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org<mailto:lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org>> (Adam James Ross Tallman <ajrtallman at utexas.edu<mailto:ajrtallman at utexas.edu>> の代理)
日付: 2019年1月20日日曜日 7:44
宛先: <LINGTYP at listserv.linguistlist.org<mailto:LINGTYP at listserv.linguistlist.org>>
件名: [Lingtyp] history of linguistics: phonological word
I'm trying to trace the roots of the development of the concept of "phonological word". Does anyone know who first used this term? The earliest I can find is Dixon's (1977) grammar of Yidin. What about "prosodic word"?
I'm aware that the roots of the idea can be found much earlier than when the concept was first mentioned, but I'm interested in the implicit analogy between a morphosyntactic constituency and phonological constituency and how, when and why that entered linguistics.
Any help would be appreciated.
Adam J.R. Tallman
Investigador del Museo de Etnografía y Folklore, la Paz
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Larry M. Hyman, Professor of Linguistics & Executive Director, France-Berkeley Fund
Department of Linguistics, University of California, Berkeley
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