[Lingtyp] Double-marked passive

JOO, Ian [Student] ian.joo at connect.polyu.hk
Sun Feb 28 14:26:10 UTC 2021

Dear typologists,

I wonder if you are aware of any language whose passive construction marks both the agent and the verb.
For example, in Mandarin, the agent receives the passive marker bei.

(1) Zhangsan bei-Lisi da-le.
Zhangsan PASS-Lisi hit-PRF
`Zhangsan was hit by Lisi.'

When the agent is omitted, the verb receives bei.

(2) Zhangsan bei-da-le.
Zhangsan PASS-hit-PRF
`Zhangsan was hit.'

But, in some occasions, both the agent and the verb receive bei:

(3) Zhangsan bei-Lisi bei-da-le.
Zhangsan PASS-Lisi PASS-hit-PRF
`Zhangsan was hit by Lisi.'

Are you aware of any other language where a construction like (3) is possible?
The only one I am aware of at the moment is Vietnamese.
I would greatly appreciate any help.



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