[Lingtyp] Truth markers

Riccardo Giomi rgiomi at campus.ul.pt
Thu Oct 21 11:48:10 UTC 2021

...And then of course you have the rhetorical/discourse-marker use of
ablative *vero* in Latin to mean 'in particular, specifically, that is',
etc.. This survives in the Italian form *ovvero*, which I would assume
derives from agglutination of the disjunctive preposition/conjunction *o*
('or') + *vero* ('true').


Carl Whitehead <carlrwhitehead at gmail.com> escreveu no dia quinta,
21/10/2021 à(s) 06:52:

> In Menya (Angan sub-family, Trans New Guinea family in Papua New Guinea),
> the expression for ‘true’ (often used as a response to a question or a
> affirmation of agreement and also as an adjective or noun) is *naq**ä**
> qaku**ä*,  where *naq**ä* is ‘big’ and *qaku**ä* is ‘stump, base of a tree
> ’ or ‘basis, reason’. In church circles, the expression is also used at
> the end of prayers as ‘amen.’
> *From:* Lingtyp <lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org> *On Behalf Of
> *Mira Ariel
> *Sent:* October 21, 2021 10:00 AM
> *To:* lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
> *Cc:* Shirly Orr <orr.shirly at gmail.com>
> *Subject:* [Lingtyp] Truth markers
> Hi,
> My student, Shirly Orr, and I are interested in truth markers, such as
> *true*, *real, right*.
> Are they frequently attested in natural languages?
> We're interested in etymological sources for them, as well as meanings
> they evolve to express.
> Any leads on literature we can dig up?
> Thanks,
> Mira Ariel
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Riccardo Giomi, Ph.D.
Faculdade de Letras da Universidade de Lisboa (FLUL)
Departamento de Linguística Geral e Românica (DLGR)
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