[Lingtyp] Negation marks adverbial clauses

Randy J. LaPolla randy.lapolla at gmail.com
Wed Jan 12 13:24:05 UTC 2022

Expletive negation is also found in Mandarin, but it has been argued by Shen Jiaxuan to be due originally to a slip of the tongue phenomenon, a merging of a form meaning “when it had not” and “before it had” into “before it had not”, as in the following:

zài   xīn   de       guīfàn    méiyǒu gōngbù    zhīqián
LOC new ASSOC standard not.yet announce before
‘before the new standard has not been announced’ = ‘before the new standard has been announced'

沈家煊(1992)口误类型,《中国语文》第4 期。
沈家煊(2006)糅合和截搭,《世界汉语教学》第4 期。

Professor Randy J. LaPolla(罗仁地), PhD FAHA 
Center for Language Sciences
Institute for Advanced Studies in Humanities and Social Sciences
Beijing Normal University, Zhuhai Campus
A302, Muduo Building, #18 Jinfeng Road, Zhuhai City, Guangdong, China



> On 12 Jan 2022, at 7:38 PM, Guillaume Jacques <rgyalrongskad at gmail.com> wrote:
> =’until’: seems to be very restricted areally, mainly Eastern Europe & Caucasus and South Asia (Indo-Aryan and Indo-sphere Sino-Tibetan), but also Paumarí (maybe due to influence from Portuguese enquanto...não ?). In Eastern Europe and in Indo-Aryan, this seems to be a parallel rather recent development (i.e. not going back to Indo-European). An interesting question is how the possible areal relationship between modern Indo-Aryan and Indo-sphere Sino-Tibetan looks like: “as long as not” for ‘until’ is very common in some Sino-Tibetan languages. I think it is an interesting question as to what extent this may be due to contact with modern Indo-Aryan languages.
> In the Sino-Tibetan family, expletive negation in "until" clauses is not restricted to languages under Indo-Aryan influence, it is also found for instance in Gyalrongic, see (A grammar of Japhug | Language Science Press (langsci-press.org) <https://langsci-press.org/catalog/book/295>, §, p.1400.
> -- 
> Guillaume Jacques
> Directeur de recherches
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> https://langsci-press.org/catalog/book/295 <http://cnrs.academia.edu/GuillaumeJacques>
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