[Lingtyp] types of quantification
christian.lehmann at uni-erfurt.de
Fri Mar 4 11:56:08 UTC 2022
In Cabecar (Chibchan, the language I am currently occupied with), a
numeral provided with a classifier has the same distribution as
quantifiers meaning 'several, many' etc. Even the "universal" quantifier
seems to have the same distribution. There may be subregularities if you
combine a numeral with a universal quantifier; but such combinations are
not in the data ...
As I already replied to Andi: I recognize the *structural* diversity. I
am currently concerned with a consistent *functional* classification.
Am 04.03.2022 um 12:50 schrieb David Gil:
> Which languages do you have in mind where "numerals have the same
> distribution as quantifiers like 'some' or 'many'"?
> Within most languages, the class of quantifiers, as defined
> semantically, exhibits great internal diversity in terms of
> morphosyntactic behaviour. In particular, not only do numerals behave
> differently from non-numeral quantifiers, and different non-numeral
> quantifiers behave differently from each other, but also different
> numerals often behave differently from one another.
> Moreover, as Andi suggests, different numerals and/or non-numerical
> quantifiers may pattern together with different word classes. For
> example, a cross-linguistically recurring pattern is for lower
> numerals to be more adjective-like and higher numerals to be more
> On 04/03/2022 13:35, Christian Lehmann wrote:
>> In some languages, numerals have the same distribution as quantifiers
>> like 'some' or 'many'. From a functional point of view, too, for
>> instance in view of the approximative numerals discussed last week,
>> it makes sense to subsume the use of numerals under quantification.
>> Then one might subdivide the field of quantification roughly as follows:
>> 1. Numeral quantification: 'one', 'two' ...
>> 2. Non-numeral quantification
>> 1. Universal: 'all', 'every'
>> 2. Existential: 'some'
>> 3. Sizing: 'many', 'several', '(a) few', ....
>> Two questions:
>> * Has anything concerning such a classification been published
>> which I should know?
>> * To the extent that the above is reasonable: Any suggestions for a
>> better terminology?
>> Prof. em. Dr. Christian Lehmann
>> Rudolfstr. 4
>> 99092 Erfurt
>> Tel.: +49/361/2113417
>> E-Post: christianw_lehmann at arcor.de
>> Web: https://www.christianlehmann.eu
>> Lingtyp mailing list
>> Lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
> David Gil
> Senior Scientist (Associate)
> Department of Linguistic and Cultural Evolution
> Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
> Deutscher Platz 6, Leipzig, 04103, Germany
> Email:gil at shh.mpg.de
> Mobile Phone (Israel): +972-526117713
> Mobile Phone (Indonesia): +62-81344082091
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Prof. em. Dr. Christian Lehmann
E-Post: christianw_lehmann at arcor.de
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