[Lingtyp] QUERY: lexical expressions for 'lie', 'truth', 'deception' etc. in various languages and cultures
christian.lehmann at uni-erfurt.de
Mon Jan 2 10:24:08 UTC 2023
One semantic parameter relevant in structuring this lexical field might
be the seriousness of the case, or maybe the earnestness of the
speaker/evaluator. One of the German near-synonyms of /lügen/ is
/flunkern/ - typically /ein bisschen flunkern/. You would not use it to
designate Putin's assertions concerning the invasion into Ukraine. Nor
could it figure in the ninth commandment. On the other hand, it seems
noteworthy that this commandment does not say "You shall not lie."
Instead, it says “You shall not bear false witness against your
neighbor.” In my understanding, this is a special, particularly serious
case of lying.
Prof. em. Dr. Christian Lehmann
E-Post: christianw_lehmann at arcor.de
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