[Lingtyp] Affectionate or sympathy marking
jtbirchall at gmail.com
Thu Jan 12 23:31:59 UTC 2023
First off, I would highly recommend checking out Kelsey Neely's 2018 PhD
dissertation "The Linguistic Expression of Affective Stance in Yaminawa
(Pano, Peru)". She gives a comprehensive description of the different
linguistic resources that Yaminahua speakers use to express the subjective
evaluation of their interlocutors and other referents in the
discourse, including different bound morphemes.
In a different Amazonian language that I have been working with, the
isolate Aikanã, there are two verbal suffixes that may be of interest to
you, -ma 'honorific' and -are 'sympathetic'. The first expresses affection
or respect, and is often used when addressing one's elders or one's
children. The second expresses sympathy, pity or compassion.
'Poor Fabrícia came all the way here walking.'
‘You poor guys are coughing.’
The examples are from the Aikanã chapter of Amazonian Languages: An
International Handbook (van der Voort and Birchall 2023: 43-44).
All the best,
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