[Lingtyp] Grammaticalised emotional states

Patrick Daitya patrickdaitya at gmail.com
Mon Mar 6 19:53:38 UTC 2023

Hi Ponrawee,
An often used claim I remember in the apprehensive literature is that
'mirativity' is one of the few domains where we've studied the
grammaticalization of an emotion, namely, surprise.
DeLancey's work would be the one to follow up on there. Also, it seems this
book by Ponsonnet and Vuillermet may be of interest:

On Mon, Mar 6, 2023 at 9:37 AM Riccardo Giomi <rgiomi at campus.ul.pt> wrote:

> Dear Ponrawee,
> Several languages have a category labelled *frustrative*: for some, this
> term is a (near-)synonymous of *avertive*, i.e. it indicates that an
> envisaged situation failed to take place; for others it means that a
> situation did take place, but its result or consequences were not the
> expected ones (this notion is usually rendered in English as "in vain"); on
> yet another definition, the term is reserved for markers expressing
> speaker's frustration/disappointment -- and in this sense, it seems to
> match what you are looking for. For an overview, I refer you to
> Overall, Simon E. 2017. A typology of frustrative marking in Amazonian
> languages. In Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald & R. M. W. Dixon (eds.), *The
> Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Typology**, *477–512. Cambridge:
> Cambridge University Press.
> As for markers of the type of Japanese *-yagaru*, I recently found out
> about two bound morphemes with apparently very similar meanings in Korean
> (*che- *and -*essa*). I cannot cite any published literature, but I can
> put you in contact with colleagues who are working on these morphemes, if
> you so wish.
> Best wishes,
> Riccardo
> Ponrawee Prasertsom <ponrawee.pra at gmail.com> escreveu no dia segunda,
> 6/03/2023 à(s) 09:29:
>> Dear typologists,
>> There has been claims in the literature (Cinque, 2013) that (at least
>> some) speakers' emotional states toward a situation such as "fear" and
>> "worry" are not grammatically encoded in any language, where "grammatically
>> encoded" means not encoded by closed-class items ("closed-class" in a
>> morphosyntactic sense: a group of morphemes that occur in the same slot
>> that do not easily admit new items and/or have few members).
>> I am interested in examples of any grammaticalized marker for any
>> emotional states (not necessarily "fear" and "worry"). I am interested in
>> both markers of 1) the *speaker*'s emotional states toward the situation
>> being expressed as well as 2) of the *subject*'s emotional states toward
>> the situation. The class of the item could be bound (clitics, affixes) or
>> free (particles, auxiliary verbs) as long as it could be shown to be
>> (somewhat) closed. I am only interested in markers specialised for specific
>> emotions, and not, e.g., impoliteness markers that could be used when the
>> speaker is angry.
>> The "(un)happy about the verb" infixes *-ei*- and -*äng-* from the
>> constructed language Na'vi would be the paradigm example of what I am
>> looking for if they actually existed in a natural language.
>> A potential example is Japanese *-yagatte, *which some have told me have
>> grammaticalised into an affix encoding anger about the action. I'm also
>> looking into whether there is evidence that this is actually part of a
>> closed-class and would appreciate any pointers/more information.
>> Thank you very much in advance.
>> Best regards,
>> Ponrawee Prasertsom
>> PhD student
>> Centre for Language Evolution
>> University of Edinburgh
>> *References:*
>> Cinque, G. (2013). Cognition, universal grammar, and typological
>> generalizations. Lingua, 130, 50–65.
>> https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2012.10.007
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> --
> Riccardo Giomi, Ph.D.
> University of Liège
> Département de langues modernes : linguistique, littérature et traduction
> Research group *Linguistique contrastive et typologie des langues*
> F.R.S.-FNRS Postdoctoral fellow (CR - FC 43095)
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PhD student at University of Colorado, Boulder
Patrick.Das at colorado.edu
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