[Lingtyp] R: Non-present lexemes
raffaele.simone at uniroma3.it
Sun Dec 4 16:03:26 UTC 2022
the Italian adverb ora “now” means both “quite recently in the past” and “shortly”.
1. Ne abbiamo parlato ora
We talked about it an instant ago
1. Ne parleremo ora
We shall talk about it in a moment
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Da: Lingtyp <lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org> Per conto di David Gil
Inviato: venerdì 2 dicembre 2022 20:07
A: lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
Oggetto: Re: [Lingtyp] Non-present lexemes
In English, 'this evening', uttered at around 3 or 4 am, can, with a bit of effort, be understood as referring to either the previous evening or the following evening, depending on context, but not to the present time.
In Hebrew, a similar but less marginal (ie. much more common) pattern is evident with halayla (DEF:night), which, when uttered during daytime, can refer to either the preceding night ('last night') or the following night ('tonight'), but obviously not to the present.
The generalization seems to be that English this / Hebrew ha= plus part-of-day expression refers to the nearest appropriate part of day to the time of speech, with no inherent specification of relative (past, present or future) time. (With an added complication for English, which, instead of #this night, has either last night or tonight for past and future respectively.)
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