[Lingtyp] Pronouns for socially deictic 'The Powerful Other'
JOO, Ian [Student]
ian.joo at connect.polyu.hk
Tue Jul 5 03:06:39 UTC 2022
I never had the impression that renja had some power connotation - could you provide an example?
Wo ba zhe dongxi song gei renjia
1SG ACC this thing send BEN someone
‘I will give this to someone.’
In this phrase renjia simply means ‘someone’, with no connotation to power.
05.07.2022 12:03, tangzhengda <tangzhengda at 126.com> 작성:
Chinese has a commonly used pronoun renjia （人家，people-home）, roughly referring to a third party in dialogues. Elusive as it may be, this socially deictic pronoun is used on the condition that the renjia-referring person takes a priority over (e.g. taller, richer, more dominant, or more justified than) a reference party involved in a certain state or event, be it addressor, addressee, or other third parties.
It means that once renjia is used, the main clause predicate somewhere is obliged to ensure that renjia takes the priority, which constitutes a special case of 'agreement' in some sense.
Brown and Gilman (1960)'s Solidarity and Power indices prove powerful in explaining T-V divisions. Renjia is special in its third-party denotation.
May I have the honor of your remindings of some similar terms for the 'Powerful, Autonomous Other' in other languages, or some literature.
Institute of Linguistics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences,
No.5 Jianguomennei Dajie, Beijing, China; 100732
Lingtyp mailing list
Lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
This message (including any attachments) contains confidential information intended for a specific individual and purpose. If you are not the intended recipient, you should delete this message and notify the sender and The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (the University) immediately. Any disclosure, copying, or distribution of this message, or the taking of any action based on it, is strictly prohibited and may be unlawful.
The University specifically denies any responsibility for the accuracy or quality of information obtained through University E-mail Facilities. Any views and opinions expressed are only those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the University and the University accepts no liability whatsoever for any losses or damages incurred or caused to any party as a result of the use of such information.
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
More information about the Lingtyp